Macau, a luta contra a Covid-19 no olho do furação

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17566/ciads.v9i2.666

Palavras-chave:

Covid-19. Pandemias. Macau.

Resumo

Objectivo: analisar como a Região Administrativa Especial de Macau lida com a pandemia causada pelo novo coronavírus, SARS-CoV-2. Metodologia: análise das leis vigentes no território, das decisões tomadas e das práticas adoptadas. Resultados: Macau, diferentemente de vários outros países, já possuía legislação específica de combate a crises sanitárias – Lei nº 2/2004 – o que facilitou a adopção de medidas restritivas de direitos e liberdades de forma imediata, e sem indagações quanto à sua legalidade e/ou constitucionalidade. O comportamento social da população e a adopção de medidas voluntárias – uso de máscaras e quarentena voluntária – também foram identificados como factores importantes para enfrentar a doença. Os princípios da precaução e da necessidade podem ser claramente observados na adopção das medidas de saúde pelo governo de Macau. Conclusão: o controlo da pandemia foi conseguido por via de várias medidas – umas de base legal, outras puramente sociais –, que contaram com o apoio da população. Macau é um autêntico case study de como se controla uma pandemia.

Biografia do Autor

Vera Lucia Raposo, Faculdade de Direito/Universidade de Macau

Doutora; professora associada da Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Macau, Macau, China; professora assistente da Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7895-2181. E-mails: vraposo@um.edu.mo; vera@fd.uc.pt

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30-06-2020 — Atualizado em 12-08-2020

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1.
Raposo VL. Macau, a luta contra a Covid-19 no olho do furação. Cad. Ibero Am. Direito Sanit. [Internet]. 12º de agosto de 2020 [citado 28º de outubro de 2021];9(2):12-28. Disponível em: https://www.cadernos.prodisa.fiocruz.br/index.php/cadernos/article/view/666

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